It is a known fact that technology will shape the future. Currently, fields like Artificial Intelligence, Blockchain, and Mobile Development are playing a very important role in shaping how we use technology in our everyday lives. All these depend on programming languages. Here is a list of top 5 programming languages that will play vital roles in the future.
1. Swift is a relatively new programming language which was developed by Apple in 2014 as a replacement for Objective C. It gained immense popularity among the iOS developers as it made coding concise, faster to write and less prone to common errors. Therefore, it is likely that it will become the backbone of all Apple programming in the coming years. It has now become an open source language and is largely used as a server side language mainly due to the support provided by Linux.
2. Kotlin is on the track to become the native language of the future for Android based applications. By ensuring that each successive Android SDK is more Kotlin friendly, Google is clearly sending out the message that it wants the Android application developers to at least consider using Kotlin. It has been fully supported by Google since October 2017 as an alternative to Java. The syntax is very similar to Swift which makes it easier for an individual who is working on both iOS and Android development. Further, since Kotlin is able to interoperate with Java, it makes it feasible to replace Java in enterprise applications.
3. Python is often the first language that is taught in Computer Science courses. It is fast, an easy to use and an easy to deploy programming language that is being used to develop stable web applications like YouTube, Instagram, Pinterest and SurveyMonkey. It can be used to write functional, object oriented and procedural styles of programming. It consists of a large number of libraries and comprises of a very readable syntax which makes development easier. Given the simplicity of the language, it is ideal for building prototypes and testing out ideas faster. Despite its simplicity, Python plays a prominent role in Machine Learning, Internet of Things and Data Sciences.
5. Rust was voted as the ‘most loved programming language’ in the Stack Overflow Developer Survey for 2016, 2017, 2018 and 2019. It is an open source language with a strong syntax which is similar to C and C++. It is a multi-paradigm system programming language and is intended for highly concurrent and highly safe systems and for ‘programming in the large’, that is, maintaining and creating boundaries which will preserve the integrity of large systems. This in turn has led to a feature set which emphasises on safety, concurrency, and control of memory layout.
Many top programmers use Programming Hub and it’s an awesome Duolingo like interactive app to learn to code. There are plenty of code snippets and a very fun and intuitive user-friendly interface. Goodluck. Happy Programming!