For many, the idea of standing in front of others to give a speech is usually a daunting task. However, at one point in your life, you will have to stand in front of people and speak. Probably in school, you will be elected as the class president or later at your workplace, you’ll be promoted to a high-ranking position where you’ll be required to speak in front people.
If you’re in high school and are still one of those that have not yet overcome the phobia of giving speeches, the following will guide you on how to write a proper speech.
Know Your Audience
I bet you’ve heard this several times, but it’s critical that you know who your target audience is first so that you customize your content appropriately. For example, when you want to talk about a historical event to high school students, they will have a different level of knowledge and vocabulary than, say, postgraduate students in an analysis of literature.
Therefore, you need to steer clear of difficult words the first batch of people is not likely to comprehend. On the other hand, you have the green light to utilize all that complex vocabulary around those who know them.
Reason and Message Type
Before embarking on writing your speech, you need to ask yourself, what is the reason behind you giving the speech? In other words, why were you requested to give the speech? For instance, if you’re a human resource professional, you should put more emphasis on your background and knowledge of the subject matter. You should also state that what you want to talk about is something unique, something that your audience most likely would not hear from somebody else.
Moreover, what message do you want to convey to your audience? What is the subject matter of what you want to talk about? It’s thus important for you to make the appropriate decision on what you want to communicate. As you compose your speech, you must make sure not to deviate from the main points. Keep stressing on them so that your audience stays focused and your points are driven home.
You need to create time to understand the purpose and message of your speech, particularly if you possess a great deal of information about your subject matter.
Come up with an outline of what you want to talk about. When you’re done creating the outline, you will find it easy to see what you’re going to include and what not to include in your speech.
After brainstorming and deciding on what you want to include in your speech, you should be able to categorize your main ideas into several sections. Afterward, you can decide to interchange them, seeing which ones best fit together and those that don’t for the particular audience you’ll be talking to.
Speech writing is just like writing a dissertation paper. You must make sure that you have the topic, back it up, then give a conclusion.
Grab Your Audiences’ Attention
In speech giving, the role of the audience is simply to sit and listen. The only one who’ll probably be anxious will be you, the one giving the speech.
Most people tend to immediately start giving the speech, eager to show that which they have. However, we recommend that you don’t start giving the speech directly, but have something interesting to say at the beginning. For instance, you can start with a joke or even a question that will enable the audience to settle and pay attention to you.
After the joke or question session, you now introduce your speech by letting your audience know what to expect from you. This will also help you retain their attention, and they will know that you’ll probably not lose focus and deviate completely from the subject matter.
Most people recommend that you divide your speech into 3 or 4 topics together with a conclusion.
Body of the Speech
For you to easily focus on the introduced topics, you can create each segment like a mini paper. Simply have the introduction, main body, and conclusion here also. Instead of having this outline on a piece of paper, you can have it your memory or even on a slide. It will help you not to deviate from the subject matter.
You should also not forget that all the sections should be equal in length. Ensure that you do not make a brief topic longer that it should be.
The Conclusion of the Speech
For most people, this is the part that gives them problems. The question that lingers in one’s mind is, have I said enough? Have I exhausted everything?
If you decide to say ‘in conclusion,’ you should be ready to end the speech quickly. When people here this statement, they immediately know that the speech is about to end in a few minutes. When you decide to continue for a long time, the audience might get irked. It is therefore important that you come up with a memorable conclusion and stick to it.
Question and Answer Session
After you’ve finished giving the speech, we recommend that you allocate enough time for the audience to ask questions.
After having written your speech, you need to practice it numerous times until you feel at ease with the entire process. If you can, read the entire speech to your trusted friends and let them correct you where necessary. As the saying goes, practice makes perfect!
The above are the various tips high school students can make use of whenever they want to write speeches. For any assistance concerning how to write your personal statement, you can visit various online sources or consult your teachers.